||Conquer Cancer Health News
Cigars increase lung cancer risk fivefold - study
WASHINGTON, Feb 15, 2000 (Reuters)
Men who smoke cigars increase their
risk of lung cancer by five times,
researchers said on Tuesday.
The report, by researchers at the
American Cancer Society and the
Centres for Disease Control and
Prevention (CDC), found the risk
escalates the more men smoke.
"We expected to find some increased risk of lung cancer,
but we found that cigar smoking is much more lethal than
we thought," Eric Jacobs, a senior epidemiologist at the
American Cancer Society who helped lead the study,
said in a statement.
Writing in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, the
researchers said men who reported smoking three or
more cigars a day had a 7.8 times higher risk of lung
cancer compared to nonsmokers and men who inhale the
strong smoke have 11.3 times the risk.
Jacobs' team studied information on more than 137,000
U.S. men who took part in the American Cancer
Society's Cancer Prevention Study-II.
More than 7,800 of them said they smoked at least one
cigar daily and had never regularly smoked cigarettes or
pipes, while another 7,800 men were categorized as
former cigar smokers.
The researchers followed the men for 12 years and found
the men who had smoked cigars had markedly higher
rates of cancer.
Cigars have become much more popular in the United
States in recent years. Sales rose by 50 percent between
1993 and 1998, reversing two decades of decline,
according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
More than 5.2 billion cigars, from expensive, handcrafted
large ones to small "cigarillos" were sold in the United
States in 1998.
A study published in June in the New England Journal of
Medicine concluded that regular cigar smokers face a
risk double that of nonsmokers for cancers of the mouth,
throat, oesophagus and lung.
It also found that they suffer a 45 percent higher risk of
chronic obstructive lung disease and a 27 percent higher
risk of coronary heart disease than nonsmokers.
Copyright ©2000 ABC News Internet Ventures.